斯氏瞪羚Speke’s gazelle

斯氏瞪羚
界: 动物界 Animalia
门: 脊索动物门 Chordata
纲: 哺乳纲 Mammalia
目: 偶蹄目 Artiodactyla
科: 牛科 Bovidae
亚科: 羚羊亚科 Antilopinae
属: 瞪羚属 Gazella
种: 斯氏瞪羚 G. spekei
        ( Blyth, 1863 )
分布: 非洲东部
哺乳动物
物种概述Summary
中文名:斯氏瞪羚(拼音:sī shì dèng líng);
英文名:Speke’s gazelle;
学名:Gazella spekei
斯氏瞪羚,分布于非洲东部的索马里和埃塞俄比亚。栖于炎热干燥的草原、灌木丛和半沙漠地区,结小群活动,由雄性带领,有领地意识。早晨和傍晚觅食,植食性。
世界自然保护联盟红色名录列为:濒危(EN)

体长: 95-105厘米

身高: 肩高50-60厘米

体重: 15-25千克

生命:

食性: 植食性

繁殖: 每胎产1仔

习性: 有领地意识

分布: 非洲东部

外形特征Description

斯氏瞪羚体长95-105厘米;尾长15-20厘米;肩高50-60厘米;体重15-25千克。 斯氏瞪羚是最小的瞪羚,毛色为浅棕色,腹部为白色。雄性与雌性均有角,平均长度29厘。

生长繁殖Growth and Breed

斯氏瞪羚繁殖季节在5-6月份,孕期185-190天,每胎产1仔。

地理分布Distribution

斯氏瞪羚,分布于非洲东部的索马里和埃塞俄比亚。

斯氏瞪羚的英文介绍 Introduction

Speke's gazelle (Gazella spekei) is the smallest of the gazelle species. It is confined to the Horn of Africa, where it inhabits stony brush, grass steppes, and semideserts. This species has been sometimes regarded as a subspecies of the Dorcas gazelle, though this is now widely disregarded. Severe habitat fragmentation means it is now impossible to assess the natural migratory or nomadic patterns of G. spekei. Its numbers are under threat, and despite an increase in population, the IUCN in 2007 announced its status had changed from vulnerable to endangered. A captive population is maintained, and the wild population exists in the lower tens of thousands. As of 2008, this gazelle is classified as endangered under the IUCN Red List.
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