罗氏长颈鹿Rothschild's giraffe

罗氏长颈鹿
界: 动物界 Animalia
门: 脊索动物门 Chordata
纲: 哺乳纲 Mammalia
目: 偶蹄目 Artiodactyla
科: 长颈鹿科 Giraffidae
属: 长颈鹿属 Giraffa
种: 长颈鹿 G. camelopardalis
亚种: 罗氏长颈鹿 G.c. rothschildi
        ( Lydekker, 1903 )
分布: 乌干达、肯尼亚
哺乳动物
物种概述Summary
中文名:罗氏长颈鹿(拼音:luó shì cháng jǐng lù);
英文名:Rothschild's giraffe;
学名:Giraffa camelopardalis rothschildi
罗氏长颈鹿,全称罗斯柴尔德长颈鹿,也叫做乌干达长颈鹿,或者巴林戈长颈鹿,是以巴林戈湖来命名,是第二最濒危的长颈鹿亚种,在野外只余下几百只。它们斑点深褐色呈长方形,网纹模糊。下肢有时带斑点。生活在肯尼亚的纳库鲁湖国家公园和乌干达北部的默奇森瀑布国家公园。
世界自然保护联盟红色名录列为:濒危(EN)

体长:

身高:

体重:

生命:

食性:

繁殖: 每胎产1仔

习性:

分布: 乌干达、肯尼亚

外形特征Description

罗氏长颈鹿比很多亚种都要高,可以高达6米。 罗氏长颈鹿的斑纹很像马赛长颈鹿的,但色彩较淡,斑纹边平滑。它们的小腿没有斑纹,好像穿了白袜一般。另外,它们是唯一的亚种拥有5只角。两只真角位于头顶.前额上有一角,而耳朵后另有两只角。雄鹿较雌鹿大,有时也会较为深色。

生长繁殖Growth and Breed

罗氏长颈鹿全年可繁殖,14-16个月的怀孕期,通常每胎产1仔。它们是以小群生活,但是雄鹿与雌鹿是分开居住的,只会在交配时走在一起。

地理分布Distribution

在野外只有很少地方可以见到罗氏长颈鹿,最著名的要是肯尼亚的纳库鲁湖及乌干达北部的默奇桑瀑布国家公园(Murchison Falls National Park)。在英国及肯尼亚都有饲养罗氏长颈鹿,目的是扩展其基因池。

罗氏长颈鹿的英文介绍 Introduction

Rothschild's giraffe (Giraffa camelopardalis rothschildi) is one of the most endangered giraffe subspecies, with only a few hundred members in the wild. It is named after the Tring Museum's founder, Walter Rothschild, and is also known as the Baringo giraffe, after the Lake Baringo area of Kenya, or as the Ugandan giraffe. All of those living in the wild are in protected areas in Kenya and Uganda. In 2007, Rothschild's giraffe was proposed as actually a separate species from other giraffe and not a giraffe subspecies.
While giraffes in general are classified as Least Concern, Rothschild's giraffe is at particular risk of hybridisation, as the population is so limited in numbers. Very few locations are left where Rothschild's giraffe can be seen in the wild, with notable spots being Lake Nakuru National Park in Kenya and Murchison Falls National Park in northern Uganda.
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